ROLE OF GENDER IN HINDI

Grammatical gender is a noun class system employed by Hindi as well as many other world languages! Grammatical gender in Hindi consists of two noun classes that correspond with gender - masculine nouns and feminine nouns. This means that every noun in Hindi is either masculine or feminine. There is no neuter gender in Hindi.

Grammatical gender is distinct from natural gender as it relates to human beings. Therefore, a noun's grammatical gender does not necessarily convey that it possesses either masculine or feminine attributes or connotations. Even inanimate objects have a grammatical gender in Hindi, and it is particularly in these cases that grammatical gender assignment may contrast with our perception of the meaning or attributes of the noun.

So what does grammatical gender have to do with Hindi verbs and why concern ourselves with grammatical gender in Hindi? Recall from tenses in Hindi that transitive verbs in the past simple, present perfect, and past perfect tenses in Hindi use the ने construction for verb conjugation and if the verb has a direct object, the verb must agree with the object in both number and gender. If we must conjugate the verb to agree with its object in these scenarios, we must first learn the gender of that object, i.e. the noun gender! In addition, noun gender in Hindi will influence how we inflect the noun into its plural form. Generally speaking, you can assess that nouns ending with आ are masculine while nouns ending with ई are feminine, but there are exceptions to this rule and that is why it is wise to simply memorize the grammatical gender in Hindi of frequently used nouns. Learn the gender of the following Hindi nouns and practice incorporating them into your conversations. Do you know them by heart?

Note that the grammatical gender listed below for each noun refers to the noun's inherent grammatical gender in Hindi. But what if, for example, we want to distinguish between a male and a female cat? Does grammatical gender in Hindi allow for this distinction? The answer is yes my friend! When referring to animate beings, we can derive a gender-different noun from either an inherently masculine or feminine noun in order to make a distinction of natural gender. In contrast, Hindi nouns identifying inanimate beings do not necessitate such gender distinctions because inanimate beings do not possess a natural gender of course!

HINDI GRAMMATICAL GENDER LOOKUP


English NounHindi TransliterationHindi ScriptGrammatical Gender

People

actorabhinetaaअभिनेताmasculine

authorlekhakलेखकmasculine

astronautantariksha yaatreeअन्तरिक्ष यात्रीmasculine

brotherbhaaeeभाईmasculine

businessmanvyavsaayeeव्यवसायीmasculine

chefrasoiyaaरसोइयाmasculine

daughterbeteeबेटीfeminine

engineerabhiyantaaअभियंताmasculine

fatherpitaaपिताmasculine

grandfatherdaadaaदादाmasculine

grandmotherdaadeeदादीfeminine

lawyervakeelवकीलmasculine

mothermaataaमाताfeminine

policeaarakshakआरक्षकmasculine

physicianchikitsakचिकित्सकmasculine

prime ministerpradhaanamantreeप्रधानमंत्रीmasculine

salespersonvikretaaविक्रेताmasculine

sisterbahanबहनfeminine

soldiersipaaheeसिपाहीmasculine

sonbetaaबेटाmasculine

tailordarjeeदरजीmasculine

teacheradhyaapakअध्यापकmasculine

writerlekhakलेखकmasculine

Animals

birdchiriyaaचिड़ियाfeminine

bumblebeebhaunraaभौंराmasculine

butterflytitleeतितलीfeminine

catbilleeबिल्लीfeminine

chickenchoozaaचूज़ाmasculine

cowgaayगायfeminine

deerhiranहिरनmasculine

dogkuttaaकुत्ताmasculine

donkeygadhaaगधाmasculine

duckbattakhबत्तखfeminine

elephanthaatheeहाथीmasculine

fishmachhaleeमछलीfeminine

horseghoraaघोड़ाmasculine

lionsherशेरmasculine

monkeybandarबन्दरmasculine

peacockmorमोरmasculine

pigsuarसुअरmasculine

rabbitkharagoshखरगोशmasculine

shrimpjheengaaझींगाmasculine

snakedagaabaazaदगाबाज़masculine

swanhansहंसmasculine

tigerbaaghबाघmasculine

turtlekachhuaaकछुआmasculine

Plants

applesebसेबmasculine

bananakelaaकेलाmasculine

basiltulseeतुलसीfeminine

chilimirchaमिर्चfeminine

coconutnaariyalनारियलmasculine

grapeangoorअंगूरmasculine

jasminechameleeचमेलीfeminine

lentildaalदालfeminine

leekgandhanaaगंधनाfeminine

mangoaamआमmasculine

mintpoodeenaaपुदीनाmasculine

oaksindoorसिन्दूरmasculine

onionpyaazप्याज़masculine

potatoaalooआलूmasculine

pumpkinkaddooकद्दूmasculine

radishmooleeमूलीfeminine

rosegalaabगुलाबmasculine

sandalwoodchandanचंदनmasculine

sunflowersooryamukheeसूर्यमुखीmasculine

thymeajvaayanअजवायनmasculine

tomatotamaatarटमाटरmasculine

watermelontarboojतरबूजmasculine

Places

AsiaEshiyaaएशियाmasculine

bankkataarकतारfeminine

BritainBritenब्रिटेनmasculine

buildingbhavanभवनmasculine

cityshaharशहरmasculine

continentmahaadveepमहाद्वीपmasculine

countrydeshदेशmasculine

homegharघरmasculine

Gangesgangaaगंगाfeminine

grocery storekiraane kee dukaanकिराने की दुकानfeminine

IndiaBhaaratभारतmasculine

librarypustakaalayपुस्तकालयmasculine

mountainparvatपर्वतmasculine

oceansagarसगरmasculine

PakistanPaakistaanपाकिस्तानmasculine

parkudyaanउद्यानmasculine

restaurantbhojanaalayaभोजनालयmasculine

rivernadeeनदीfeminine

schoolvidyaalayविद्यालयmasculine

shopdukaanदुकानfeminine

templedevaalayदेवालयmasculine

United StatesAmreekaaअमरीकाmasculine

zoochiriyaagharचिड़ियाघरmasculine

Objects

bedpalangपलंगmasculine

boxdibbaaडिब्बाmasculine

breadroteeरोटीfeminine

buttermakkhanमक्खनmasculine

chairkurseeकुरसीfeminine

doordvaarद्वारmasculine

dosadosaaडोसाmasculine

housegharघरmasculine

oiltelतेलmasculine

pantspataloonपतलूनfeminine

pencilankaneeअङ्कनीfeminine

ricechaavalचावलmasculine

saltnamakनमकmasculine

samosasamosaaसमोसाmasculine

sareesaareeसाड़ीfeminine

shirtkameejकमीजfeminine

spicemasaalaमसालाmasculine

sugarshakkarशक्करfeminine

sweetmithaaeeमिठाईfeminine

tablemezमेज़feminine

teachaayचायfeminine

waterpaaneeपानीmasculine

windowkhirkeeखिड़कीfeminine

Activities

architecturevaastukalaaवास्तुकलाfeminine

artkalaaकलाfeminine

badmintonbaidmintanबैडमिंटनmasculine

biologyjeev-vijnyaanजीव-विज्ञानmasculine

chessshatranjशतरंजmasculine

cricketkriketक्रिकेटmasculine

dancenaachनाचmasculine

gamekhelखेलfeminine

historyitihaasइतिहासmasculine

geographybhoogolभूगोलmasculine

journalismpatrakaaritaaपत्रकारिताfeminine

literaturesaahityaसाहित्यmasculine

mathematicsganitगणितmasculine

musicsangeetम्यूज़िकmasculine

paleontologyjeevaashmikeeजीवाश्मिकीfeminine

poetrykavitaaकविताfeminine

physicsbhautik vijnyaanभौतिक विज्ञानmasculine

puzzlepaheleeपहेलीfeminine

rundaudदौडfeminine

scienceadhyayanअध्ययनmasculine

swimtairaakeeतैराकीfeminine

tennistenisटेनिसmasculine

traveldooreeदूरीfeminine

yogayogयोगmasculine

Abstractions

beautysundartaaसुन्दरताfeminine

colorrangरंगmasculine

confidenceaatmavishvaasआत्मविश्वासmasculine

envyeershyaaईर्ष्याfeminine

flavorsvaadसमयmasculine

humorhaasyहास्यmasculine

hungerbhookhभूखfeminine

kindnesskarunaaकरुणाfeminine

lightjyotiज्योतिfeminine

lovepyaarप्यारfeminine

mindmanasमनसmasculine

peaceektaaएकताfeminine

pridegauravगौरवmasculine

seasonrituऋतुfeminine

spaceaakaashआकाशmasculine

soundaavaajआवाजfeminine

speedchaalचालfeminine

strengthteevrataaतीव्रताfeminine

sunrisebhorभोरfeminine

sunsetsooryaastसूर्यास्तmasculine

timesamayसमयmasculine

weathermausamमौसमmasculine

wisdomvidyaaविद्याfeminine